National symbols of Afghanistan

The official and de facto national symbols of Afghanistan are as follows:

Title Symbol Image Notes
National flag 22 Flag of Afghanistan Flag of Afghanistan.svg The flag of Afghanistan under the current Taliban regime consists of Shahada in black on a white field. National emblem Emblem of Afghanistan The emblem of Afghanistan has a mihrab with a minbar within, supporting the Quran, and crowned by the sun.Two swords, two sheaves of wheat and a cogwheel.Inscription of the shahada in Arabic and name of the nation in Pashto: لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله - ١٤١٥,١,١٥هـ ت - د افغانستان اسلامي امارت "There is no god but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah - 15-1-1415A.H.Q[b] - Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan"
National anthem "Afghan National Anthem" The "Afghan National Anthem" (Pashto: ملی سرود - Milli Surood; Persian: سرود ملی - "Surūd-e Millī") was adopted and officially announced by a Loya Jirga in May 2006. According to article 20 of the Afghan Constitution, the national anthem shall be in Pashto with the mention of "God is Greatest" as well as the names of the various tribes of Afghanistan. The lyrics were written by Abdul Bari Jahani and the music was written by German-Afghan composer Babrak Wassa.
National motto لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
(Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh)
There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of God. (the shahada)
Father of the Nation Ahmad Shah Durrani Portrait miniature of Ahmad Shah Durrani-cropped.jpg Founder of the Durrani Empire in 1747, the precursor of modern-day Afghanistan
National animal Snow leopard Snow leopard.jpg The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is a species of big cat native to mountainous regions of Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
National bird Golden eagle Golden Eagle Scanning for Prey.jpg The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of best known birds of prey and most widely distributed species of eagle. It is dark brown, with lighter golden-brown plumage on its nape.
National dog Afghan Hound Afghan Hound.jpg Its local names are Tāžī Spay (Pashto) or Sag-e Tāzī (Dari Persian).[1]
National flower Tulip צבעונים.JPG The tulip (Tulipa gesneriana L.) is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family.
National tree Afghan pine Эльдарская сосна - Pinus eldarica.jpg
National fruit Pomegranate Afghan pomegranate Kandahar.jpg Pomegranate production in Afghanistan is a significant contributor to the Afghan agricultural economy. Pomegranates are a major fruit crop in many provinces such as Kandahar, Helmand, Wardak, Ghazni, Paktia, Farah, Kapisa and Balkh, and are the source of the livelihoods of thousands of people.
National sport Buzkashi Buzkashi (5458279235).jpg [2]
National dance Attan Afghan police graduates of officer candidate school and school instructors dance to music played by an Afghan National Army band during a graduation ceremony at the Kandahar training center in Afghanistan Jan 120129-F-FR276-147.jpg
National instrument Rubab Centries old heritage, Rubab.JPG
National poet Khushal Khattak
National dish Kabuli palaw Qabuli palaw rice.jpg


  1. ^[dead link]
  2. ^ "Buzkashi: Afghanistan's Goat-Grabbing National Sport". Culture Trip. 24 March 2017.

External links

Media related to National symbols of Afghanistan at Wikimedia Commons

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