Pakistani art

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Pakistani art (Urdu: پاکستانی فن) has a long tradition and history. It consists of a variety of art forms, including painting, sculpture, calligraphy, pottery, and textile arts such as woven silk. Geographically, it is a part of Indian subcontinent art, including what is now Pakistan.[1]

History

After independence in 1947, there were only two major art schools in Pakistan - the Mayo School of Art and the Department of Fine Arts at the Punjab University.[2] Early pioneers of Pakistani art include Abdur Rahman Chughtai who painted with Mughal and Islamic styles,[2] and Ahmed Parvez who was among the early modernists of Pakistan.[3]

In the 1960s and 1970s, calligraphic styles emerged in Pakistan, with notable artists being Iqbal Geoffrey and Sadequain.[2] The Karachi School of Art, the first art institution in Karachi, was founded in 1964 by Rabia Zuberi.[4]

In the 21st century, graffiti started becoming popular in Pakistan, with the emergence of artists such as Sanki King,[5][6] and Asim Butt. The latter also spearheaded Stuckism in Pakistan.[7]

Art museums and galleries

Major art galleries in Pakistan include the National Art Gallery in Islamabad.[8] The Lahore Museum is known for its extensive collection of Buddhist art from the ancient Indo-Greek and Gandhara kingdoms, as well as from the Mughal, Sikh, and British empires.

Famous Artists

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ Wille, Simone (2017-09-19). Modern Art in Pakistan: History, Tradition, Place. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-34136-9.
  2. ^ a b c Dadi, Iftikhar (2017-09-14). "A brief history of Pakistani art and the people who shaped it". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2021-06-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Ali, Salwat (2013-09-15). "Homage: Remembering the maestro". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  4. ^ Hashmi, Salima (2002). Unveiling the Visible: Lives and Works of Women Artists of Pakistan. ActionAid Pakistan. ISBN 978-969-35-1361-5.
  5. ^ Asif, Ramsha (2021-04-08). "Karachi walls deserve better: Graffiti artists chime in". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2021-06-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Chagani, Anum Rehman (2019-06-26). "Meet the graffiti artist taking Karachi by storm". Images. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  7. ^ "Asim Butt — the: 'Rebel Angel' comes back to life through his work". The Express Tribune. 2014-04-05. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  8. ^ "PNCA lacks funds to maintain art gallery". The Express Tribune. 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  9. ^ "Founder of Pakistani art company". Instagram.
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